Volume 2.40 | Oct 10

Pulmonary Cell News 2.40 October 10, 2013
Pulmonary Cell News
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TOP STORY
Label-Free In Vitro Toxicity and Uptake Assessment of Citrate Stabilized Gold Nanoparticles in Three Cell Lines
The cytotoxicity and uptake of 14 nm and 20 nm citrate stabilized gold nanoparticles in the bronchial epithelial cell line BEAS-2B, the Chinese hamster ovary cell line CHO, and the human embryonic kidney cell line HEK 293 were investigated. [Part Fibre Toxicol] Abstract | Full Article
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PUBLICATIONS (Ranked by impact factor of the journal)
Increased ERK Signaling Promotes Inflammatory Signaling in Primary Airway Epithelial Cells Expressing Z α1-Antitrypsin
Researchers report excessive NF-κB signaling in resting primary bronchial epithelial cells from ZZ patients compared to wild-type controls, and this appears to be mediated by MEK, EGFR and ADAM17 activity. [Hum Mol Genet] Abstract

A Site-Specific Genetic Modification for Induction of Pluripotency and Subsequent Isolation of Derived Lung Alveolar Epithelial Type II Cells
Scientists report a novel strategy using a single non-viral site-specific-targeting vector with a combination of Tet-On inducible gene expression system, Cre/lox P switching gene expression system, and alveolar epithelial type II cell-specific NeomycinR transgene expression system. [Stem Cells] Abstract

Regulation of Matrix Metalloproteinase-1, -3, and -9 in Mycobacterium tuberculosis-Dependent Respiratory Networks by the Rapamycin-Sensitive PI3K/p70S6K Cascade
Researchers investigated the role of the phosphatidyl inositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT/p70S6K signaling path on regulation of primary normal human bronchial epithelial cell-derived matrix metalloproteinase-1, -3, and -9 expression in tuberculosis. [FASEB J] Abstract

TNF Induces the Expression of the Sialyltransferase ST3Gal IV in Human Bronchial Mucosa via MSK1/2 Protein Kinases and Increases FliD/Sialyl-Lewisx Mediated Adhesion of Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Scientists showed that the tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-induced up-regulation of ST3GAL4 BX transcript is mediated by the mitogen and stress activated protein kinases MSK1/2 through extracellular signal-regulated kinase and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways, and increases sialyl-Lewisx expression on high molecular weight glycoproteins in the inflamed airway epithelium. [Biochem J] Abstract

Prolonged Cigarette Smoke Exposure Alters Mitochondrial Structure and Function in Airway Epithelial Cells
Researchers studied changes in mitochondrial morphology and in expression of markers for mitochondrial capacity, damage/biogenesis and fission/fusion in the human bronchial epithelial cell line BEAS-2B upon 6-months from ex-smoking COPD GOLD stage IV patients to age-matched smoking and never-smoking controls. [Respir Res] Abstract | Full Article

LncRNA-DQ786227-Mediated Cell Malignant Transformation Induced by Benzo(a)pyrene
Scientists investigated the role of a novel long non-coding RNAs (lncRNA) in transformed human bronchial epithelial cells induced by benzo(a)pyrene. After establishing the transformed cell model using the BEAS-2B cell line in vitro, they found that expression of lncRNA-DQ786227 was high and changed during the transformation of BEAS-2B cells. [Toxicol Lett] Abstract

LUNG CANCER

Phosphorylation of Paxillin Confers Cisplatin Resistance in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer via Activating ERK-Mediated Bcl-2 Expression
Researchers showed that cisplatin resistance was dependent on paxillin (PXN) expression, as evidenced by PXN overexpression in TL-13 and TL-10 cells and PXN knockdown in H23 and CL1-5 cells. [Oncogene] Abstract

The Long Non-Coding RNA HOTAIR Indicates a Poor Prognosis and Promotes Metastasis in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Researchers examined the expression pattern of HOX transcript antisense intergenic RNA (HOTAIR) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and evaluated its biological role and clinical significance in tumor progression. HOTAIR was highly expressed both in NSCLC samples and cell lines compared with corresponding normal counterparts. [BMC Cancer] Abstract | Full Article

Pharmacokinetic-Pharmacodynamic Modeling of the Anticancer Effect of Erlotinib in a Human Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Xenograft Mouse Model
Scientists investigated the relationship between erlotinib plasma concentrations and phosphorylated epidermal growth factor receptor (pEGFR) levels, as well as the relationship between pEGFR levels and tumor growth inhibition in a human non-small-cell lung cancer xenograft mouse model. [Acta Pharmacol Sin] Abstract

Identification of CD90 as a Marker for Lung Cancer Stem Cells in A549 and H446 Cell Lines
Investigators identified CD90 as a novel surface marker of cancer stem cells (CSCs) in lung cancer cells. Furthermore, they isolated CD90+ CSCs from lung cancer cell lines A549 and H446. [Oncol Rep] Abstract

Model the Human Respiratory Epithelium with PneumaCult™-ALI. Click to View Data.
 
REVIEWS
Emerging Paradigms in the Development of Resistance to Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors in Lung Cancer
The success of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in select patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has transformed management of the disease, placing new emphasis on understanding the molecular characteristics of tumor specimens. It is now recognized that genetic alterations in the epidermal growth factor receptor and anaplastic lymphoma kinase define two unique subtypes of NSCLC that are highly responsive to genotype-directed TKIs. [J Clin Oncol] Abstract

Visit our reviews page to see a complete list of reviews in the pulmonary cell research field.
 
INDUSTRY NEWS
Constellation Pharmaceuticals and the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine Receive Cystic Fibrosis Foundation Research Grant
Constellation Pharmaceuticals, Inc. announced that it has been awarded a research grant in collaboration with the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine from the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation to explore the potential use of BET bromodomain inhibitors for the control of inflammation in cystic fibrosis. [Constellation Pharmaceuticals, Inc.] Press Release

Novoteris, LLC. Medical Device and Pharmaceutical Product Innovators, Receives Orphan Drug Designation for Nitric Oxide for the Treatment of Cystic Fibrosis
Novoteris, LLC. announced that the Office of Orphan Products Development of the US Food and Drug Administration has granted it orphan drug designation for the use of inhaled nitric oxide for the treatment of Cystic Fibrosis. [Novoteris, LLC.] Press Release

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POLICY NEWS
National Institutes of Health (United States)

Food and Drug Administration (United States)

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (United States)

European Medicines Agency (European Union)

Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (United Kingdom)

Therapeutic Goods Administration (Australia)
 
EVENTS
NEW International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 18th Annual Conference 2014
February 27 – March 1, 2014
Boston, United States

Visit our events page to see a complete list of events in the pulmonary cell community.
 
JOB OPPORTUNITIES
NEW Postdoctoral Research Fellow – Emphysema (University College Dublin)

Postdoctoral Research Associate – Airway Innate Defense and Biology (University of North Carolina – Chapel Hill)

Senior Postdoctoral Fellow – Mechanisms of Lung Injuries (University of Texas Health Science Center at Tyler)

Postdoctoral Fellow – Lung Research (Brigham & Women’s Hospital – Harvard Medical School)

Postdoctoral Research Candidate – Chronic Lung Diseases (European Respiratory Society / Marie Curie)

Postdoctoral Research Position – Molecular and Cellular Mechanism of Pulmonary Vascular Inflammation and Dysfunction (University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center)

Postdoctoral Position – Cardiopulmonary Molecular Biology (Hannover Medical School)

Postdoctoral Researcher – Respiratory Diseases Research (Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma GmbH & Co. KG)

Scientist – Particle Chemistry (STEMCELL Technologies Inc.)

Research Technologist – Human Pluripotent Stem Cell Products (STEMCELL Technologies Inc.)

Research Technologist – Mesenchymal Cell Research (STEMCELL Technologies Inc.)

Research Technologist – Cell Culture Media & Matrices (STEMCELL Technologies Inc.)

Research Associate/Scientist – Antibodies Group (STEMCELL Technologies Inc.)

Research Associate – Particle Chemistry (STEMCELL Technologies Inc.)

Quality Control Analyst – Media (STEMCELL Technologies Inc.)


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